SCERT AP Board 6th Class Social Solutions 10th Lesson Local Self-Government Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 6th Class Social Studies Solutions 10th Lesson Local Self-Government
6th Class Social Studies 10th Lesson Local Self-Government Textbook Questions and Answers
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What are the differences between Grama Sabha and Grama Panchayat?
Suppose you are a representative in your local government body, what issues would you raise?
If I am a representative in our locality or village, I shall keep in view the following issues.
- Schools, hospitals, sanitation, and library facilities.
- Cleaning and lighting of streets.
- Supply of drinking water.
- Supply of electricity.
- Garbage collection and disposal.
- Making and maintenance of gardens and parks.
- Eradication of malaria, dengue and taking care in preventing the outbreak of diseases.
- I can raise the above issues in Grama Sabha in making the Gram Panchayat work responsibly.
Do you think common people are able to participate in the process of decision-making in your panchayat or municipality? Give some examples to illustrate your answer.
I think common people are not able to participate in the process of decision-making in Panchayat or Municipality.
- The people may not be informed about the meeting. It will result in less attendance in Panchayat or Municipality meetings.
- Even people attend the meeting a few people only can express their opinions. Such situations occur because people find themselves in fear.
Do you think panchayats should rise more tax from the village to carry out development works or depend upon government funds?
Panchayats should get government funds to carry out the development of Panchayat. Panchayat receives 95% of its revenue either from State or Central Governments. Only 5% of the revenue is from taxes. Though they increase Taxes the amount received may not increase abnormally. So it is better to get more funds from the government besides rising the tax from the village nominally
What challenges do the Sarpanch face in carrying out their work?
In carrying works sometimes the Sarpanch has to face some challenges. Because he is known to all people in the village he may not express some issues freely. In the collection of house tax, he may not demand to pay the tax. If any encroachment is noticed he may not ask them effectively. If sufficient funds are not provided he cannot implement development activities. He cannot ask the government also to release funds to meet – all the requirements of the Panchayat.
What are the public amenities provided by a Municipality but not a Panchayat?
Amenities provided by Municipality: Roads, drainage and garbage disposal running schools, ration shops, hospitals, etc., besides taking up new developmental works.
Of these amenities running schools, ration shops, and hospitals are provided by a municipality only.
Geetika says that her street tap gives water only for half an hour and several people queue up to fill their buckets. What would you advise her to do to solve this problem?
I will ask Geetika to take an individual tap connection so that she will get water for more time and she can get more water. For this individual connection, she has to pay tax and this will be useful for the municipality also. She can save time by not standing in the queue and can help the neighbors also.
She can write a letter to the municipal/panchayat officers to provide another tap in that area. She can consult that ward councilor or ward member and explain the problem to them. With the help of them, another tap can be provided there and it can ‘ reduce the problem of Geetika and many others also.
Frame a few questions to ask the local Corporator/Councillor to know the details of work done by the Municipality?
- What are the works sanctioned for our area?
- What is the progress of that works?
- Is there any problem arising?
- What are the measures taking to kill mosquitoes which are causing diseases like dengue, malaria, chikungunya, etc?
- What are the steps following to improve drainage and garbage disposal which do not allow the mosquitoes to grow?
Locate the following municipalities and municipal corporations in Andhra Pradesh.
Visit your nearby Grama Sachivalayam/Ward Sachivalayam and interview the functionaries of Sachivalayam and make a report.
Model Interview of one of the functionaries in Grama Sachivalayam: (Model was given.)
- I will ask the name of the functionary.
- His / Her designation.
- Enquire about the superiors.
- Duties he has to perform.
- Problems he identified in his ward.
- No of the problems he solved in his ward.
- How his superiors helped in solving the problems.
- Whether he is satisfied with the job or not.
I will tell him the story of Ashoka. Ashoka asked his officers to explain the inscriptions to the illiterate people. Like the officers, the volunteers also have to deliver government services at the doorsteps.
Make posters on different public amenities which are provided by Local self-Governments.
6th Class Social Studies 10th Lesson Local Self-Government InText Questions and Answers
Prepare a poster on public amenities in your locality as a group activity. (Textbook Page No. 111)
If you live in a village, visit your grama sabha and make a report. (Textbook Page No. 112)
In April I had been to my grandparent’s house. My grandfather told me that he is going to attend the Grama Sabha meeting. He told me that on April 14th and October 3rd the Grama Sabha meetings will be held every year. There I observed all the villagers gathered and the Sarpanch of the Grama Sabha convened the meeting. They discussed the problems in that Panchayat and solutions for the same. The Sarpanch explained about various welfare programs that the government is implementing. He asked all the villagers whether all the amenities are coming to them or not. Later he concluded the meeting.
With the help of your teacher/parents, try to know the services provided by the Grama Volunteers. (Textbook Page No. 115)
Services provided by the Grama Volunteers:
- Government services are to be delivered at the doorstep of all eligible households irrespective of Caste/ Religion/Creed/Gender/Political affiliation.
- If any person in the ward request any service volunteer should transfer the data to the village secretariat.
- The services/schemes of the government should be explained in detail and also have to assist them to apply which is under him/her.
- The grama volunteer should attend the meeting held in the grama secretariat and have to maintain the record of the issues and requests which he collected to the authority.
- The volunteer should guide the people under him regarding security, education, health, and employment.
- The volunteer should resolve the issues such as roads, street lights, drains, and drinking water.
How many Nagara Panchayats, Municipalities, and Municipal Corporations are there in your district? (Textbook Page No. 117)
Student Activity (One example is given for you. Students have to collect information about their own district and write the answer).
Ex: Our district is Guntur District.
There are 14 municipalities in our Guntur district. Municipal Corporation is there in our Guntur district.
There is no Nagar Panchayat in our district.
Visit nearby Municipal council / Municipal corporation and observe the functions. And make a poster or storyboard as Individual activity. (Textbook Page No. 118)
Fill the following table with the help of your teacher. (Textbook Page No. 118)
|Designation||Elected by||Direct/Indirect Election|
|MPTC||Voters of mandal||Direct|
|ZPTC||Voters of the district||Direct|
|Mandal Parishad President||Members of Mandal Parishad||Indirect|
|Zilla Parishat Chairman||Members of Zilla Parishad||Indirect|
|Municipal Chairman||Councilors of Municipal Council||Indirect|
|Mayor||Corporators of Municipal Corporation||Indirect|
Think and Respond
Name the public amenities which are provided in your locality. (Textbook Page No. 111)
The public amenities which were provided in my locality are:
- Drinking water.
- Best drainage system.
- Street lights.
- Benches on one side of the road.
Write the similarities and differences between Grama Sabha and Grama Panchayat. (Textbook Page No. 112)
|Grama Sabha||Grama Panchayat|
|1) Grama Sabha works for the welfare of the village.||Grama Panchayat works for the welfare of the people.|
|2) Grama Sabha will be presided by the President/Sarpanch of the village.||Grama Panchayat will also be presided by the President/Sarpanch of the village.|
|Grama Sabha||Grama Panchayat|
|1) It consists of all the adults of the village.||Gram Panchayat is the executive body of the village consisting of the Sarpanch and the Panchs|
|2) It is a permanent body of the village.||It is elected for a term of 5 years.|
|3) The area covered by a Gram Sabha is an entire village or sometimes a few villages.||Gram Panchayat is divided into wards, where Sarpanch and Panch make it.|
Give some reasons, why additions or deletions to the voters list become necessary? (Textbook Page No. 113)
If a person attains the age of 18 his name is to be included in the voter’s list. Similarly, if any person dies whose name is in the voter’s list, his name is to be deleted. With all these types of additions and deletions, a new voters list is to be prepared. So, additions or deletions are necessary to the voter’s list.
(Textbook Page No. 115)
Who are your MPTC and ZPTC?
How many mandals are there in your district?
List out the public amenities provided by the local body in your area. (Textbook Page No. 116)
Public amenities in our area:
- Water supply.
- Drainage system.
- Street lights.
- Recording births and deaths.
- Necessary action to be taken to check contagious diseases.
- Building libraries, schools, gardens, and parks.
- Keeping the city clean.
How is grama panchayat differ from the municipality in its functioning? (Textbook Page No. 118)
|1) Panchayat is a rural local government body.||A municipality is an urban local government body.|
|2) Panchayat is responsible for the local administration of a village-like maintaining roads and the village pond.||The municipality is responsible to provide civic amenities like roads and drainage to the urban population.|