SCERT AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 16th Lesson Making of Laws in the State Assembly Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Solutions 16th Lesson Making of Laws in the State Assembly
7th Class Social Studies 16th Lesson Making of Laws in the State Assembly Textbook Questions and Answers
Improve Your Learning
Name the few areas related to the life of people on which laws should be made.
Now the governments are welfare governments. The governments are making acts on every aspect of human life. Still, there are a few areas related to the life of people on which laws should be made. They are
- Acts should be made to curb large-scale corruption that affects public life. An institution called Lokpal at the centre and Lokayukta in each state will be set up.
- Acts should be made to resist those political leaders who are involved in scams and large-scale corruption from contesting in elections and to lead political parties and from becoming the heads of governments.
- Acts should be made to check child labor.
- Acts should be made to bring out the black money from the foreign banks.
- Acts should be made to ensure 33% reservation to women in parliament and state legislative bodies.
Your school belongs to the department of school education. Find out some laws which are applicable to your school (Students, teachers, headmasters/principal/ PTA).
- For all children in the 6 to 14 age group free and compulsory education should be given.
- School teachers will need an adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose the job.
- School infrastructure to be improved in three years, else the recognition of schools will be canceled.
- A study on teachers found out that ‘only about half were teaching, during unannounced visits of the sample survey. So a law should be made to punish those teachers who shirk work.
- A study reveals that 59% of schools had no drinking water and 89% had no toilets. So a law should be made for providing drinking water and toilets to all schools.
- A law should be made to punish those who prevent the girls from going to schools so that the women’s literacy rate may be increased.
There is a law that no child in the age group of 6-14 should remain out of school.
What steps should be taken to implement this law? Discuss among yourselves with the help of your teacher.
- To open new schools in areas with no formal school within a one-kilometer radius.
- To launch and execute with perfection the mid-day meal programs to attract children to schools.
- Major social reformation efforts are required to bring about a change in the rural scenario, where social and economic barriers play an important role in keeping the society illiterate.
- The Government and non-governmental organizations should highlight the plight of the girl child and stress the need for the universalization of elementary education.
- We should spread the message that the education of women is a pre-condition for fighting against their oppression.
- We should make laws to eradicate the child labor system in our country.
- Poverty is the main cause of illiteracy and child labor in our country. Poverty has an obvious relationship with illiteracy. So the Government should introduce and implement rural and urban poverty alleviation programs.
Read the para the making of laws and answer the question given below.
Suppose you are a member of the AP Legislative Assembly, which issue will you raise for the making of law and why? Explain with an example.
If I am a member of the A.P legislative assembly, I will raise the following issue for the making of law.
That is Article 371 D.
It forms a part of the Constitution of India. It safeguards the rights of local people in employment and education and was created after agitation in the state of A.P. But it is ignored in the present government.
Suppose there is a state under the name of Purabgarh with MLA seats of 368. After an election, different political parties got seats as shown below:
Read the above table and answer the following questions:
a) Of the 368 seats, how many seats are needed for getting a majority to form the government in the state?
b) Which is the single largest party?
c) Can the single largest party form the government? If not, what can be the alternatives to form the government?
d) How would a coalition government be different from done party government?
a) At least 185 seats are needed for getting a majority to form a government in the state.
b) Party B is the single largest party after this election.
c) No. the single largest party cannot form the government. To form a government at least 185 seats are needed. So any two parties together can not form the govern¬ment. The possible alternatives to form the government are :
1) Party A + Party B + Others = 89 + 91 +34 = 214
2) Party A + Party B + Party C = 89 + 91 + 70 = 250
3) Party B + Party C + Party D = 91 + 70 + 84 = 245
4) Party C + Party D + Others = 70 + 84 + 34 = 188
5) Party A + Party B + Party D = 89 + 91 + 84 = 264
6) Party A + Party C + Party D = 89 + 70 + 84 = 243
7) Party B + Party D + Others = 91 + 84 + 34 = 209
d) A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which sev¬eral political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. It is unstable. It cannot take decisions independently.
A one-party government is a government in which a single party has the right to form the government. It is stable. It can take decisions independently.
At present, very few states in our country have a bicameral legislature. Can you name them?
The following is a list of the Indian States that have a bicameral legislature:
Write an imaginary dialogue for the following picture in the context of the chapter.
Locate the Assembly constituencies of your district in your district map ( Take the help of a map. 1).
The following are the assembly constituencies in the Krishna district.
- Vijayawada – West
- Vijayawada – Central
- Vijayawada – East