SCERT AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 12th Lesson The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Solutions 12th Lesson The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom
7th Class Social Studies 12th Lesson The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom Textbook Questions and Answers
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Compare the warriors of those times with what you ‘know about the armies of modem times. What difference do you see between them?
The warriors of those times: They were always waged in wars. They usually collected several taxes and dues from farmers, herders and craftspersons. They also collected taxes from traders on the goods they traded-in. They usually also had lands of their own which were cultivated for them by tenants.
The armies of modem times: They work on a salary basis. They do not and cannot collect any taxes. They follow the instructions of the Government at any time. And also they are not landowners.
The difference I see between them: The warriors were of ancient time. Safeguarding the kingdom was a part of their duty. But today, safeguarding the vast country is a challenge to the modern army. The warriors fought with their neighbors (inland). The modern army fights with the armies of neighboring countries.
Kings and chiefs built irrigation tanks to improve agriculture in the Kakatiya times.
What would they do now?
- They do nothing now.
- In fact, they cannot do anything now.
- Because kings and chiefs do not have any more roles in the administration.
How do you think the Kakatiyas were able to gain control over the chiefs?
The Kakatiyas protected their chiefs from other warriors and chiefs and also took the chiefs with them when they went to conquer other kingdoms. And they encouraged several skilled warriors who were not from any powerful family but were very loyal to the queen and the king. They gave them high positions and the title of Nayakas. They gave several villages to them. By practicing all these Kakatiyas were able to control the chiefs.
Why do you think the Kakatiyas did not appoint powerful chiefs as Nayakas?
To protect their power over the kingdom, the Kakatiyas appointed loyal chiefs as Nayaks instead of powerful chiefs.
Why was it difficult for women to rule in those days? Is it different today? How?
It was very difficult for women to rule in those days. It was a purely male-dominated society. So the men did not like to be ruled by a woman. But nowadays it is different. Even though it is a male-dominated society, the politicians are giving importance to some family persons like the ‘Nehru’ family. So the women rulers like Smt. Indira Gandhi ruled the nation for several years and Smt. Sonia Gandhi is leading the National Congress Party.
In those days, powerful men had their own land and were able to tax other farmers, traders, and artisans. Can powerful people do this now? Give reasons.
No, they cannot do that because we are in a democratic country. All the powers are vested with the government, which means people. So no individual can impose a tax on others.
Read the para under the title ‘Nayankara System’ on page 112 and comment on it.
Rudramadevi and Prataparudra encouraged several skilled warriors who were not from any powerful family but were very loyal to the queen and the king. They gave them high positions and the title ofNayaka. They were given several villages from where they could collect taxes. These villages were called their Nayankara. Each nayaka had to maintain a stipulated amount of army, from the income they get from the nayankara, for the service of the king. But they did not keep these villages permanently as they could be transferred at the will of the king to a new place. This Nayakas depended upon the queen or the king and remained loyal to them. They were also probably used to subdue the rebellious chiefs. This arrangement was called the Nayankara system.
The Nayankara system was modeled on that of the Kakatiya and served as a significant foundation, based as it was on a distinctive form of military and land tenure.
In this system, the military chiefs or warriors who held the positions of Nayakas were not given the privileged status on the basis of any fixed parameters, such as definite offices, etc.
‘Women, too manage the administrative affairs effectively’ – How do you support it?
I can support the statement with the following examples.
- Rani Rudrama Devi
- Razia Sultana
- Indira Gandhi
Prepare a short presentation of any of the three stories in the form of a play.
I, Rani Rudrama Devi, is one of the most prominent rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty in the Deccan Plateau. My original name is Rudramba. My capital city is Orugullu. I have another name also – Rudradeva. I ruled this kingdom with my father and my own also. I married Virabhadra and had two daughters. We adopted my eldest grandson as our heir. Girls should inspire by listening to my story.
Collect popular accounts of the origin of your village or town, prepare a chart and present the same.
Visit an old temple in your area, find out who built the temple, when, etc., and look for any inscriptions in it.