AP State Syllabus AP Board 9th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 8 Quadrilaterals Ex 8.2 Textbook Questions and Answers.

## AP State Syllabus 9th Class Maths Solutions 8th Lesson Quadrilaterals Exercise 8.2

Question 1.
In the given figure ABCD is a parallelogram. ABEF is a rectangle. Show that ΔAFD ≅ ΔBEC Solution:
Given that □ABCD is a parallelogram.
□ABEF is a rectangle.
In ΔAFD and ΔBEC
AF = BE ( ∵ opp. sides of rectangle □ABEF)
AD = BC (∵ opp. sides of //gm □ABCD)
DF = CE (∵ AB = DC = DE + EC , AB = EF = DE + DF)
∴ ΔAFD ≅ ΔBEC (SSS congruence) Question 2.
Show that the diagonals of a rhombus divide it into four congruent triangles.
Solution: □ABCD is a rhombus.
Let AC and BD meet at O’.
In ΔAOB and ΔCOD
∠OAB = ∠OCD (alt.int. angles)
AB = CD (def. of rhombus)
∠OBA = ∠ODC ………………….(1) (alt. int. angles)
∴ ΔAOB ≅ ΔCOD (ASA congruence)
Thus AO = OC (CPCT)
Also ΔAOD ≅ ΔCOD …………..(2)
[ ∵ AO = OC; AD = CD; OD = OD SSS congruence]
Similarly we can prove
ΔAOD ≅ ΔCOB ……………. (3)
From (1), (2) and (3) we have
ΔAOB ≅ ΔBOC ≅ ΔCOD ≅ ΔAOD
∴ Diagonals of a rhombus divide it into four congruent triangles. Question 3.
In a quadrilateral ABCD, the bisector of ∠C and ∠D intersect at O. Prove that ∠COD = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠A + ∠B) .
(OR)
In a quadrilateral ABCD, the bisectors of ∠A and ∠B are intersects at ‘O’ then prove that ∠AOB = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠C + ∠D)
Solution: $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠C + ∠D) = 180 – $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠A + ∠B) ………….. (1)
$$\frac{1}{2}$$∠C + $$\frac{1}{2}$$∠D + ∠COD = 180°
$$\frac{1}{2}$$∠C + $$\frac{1}{2}$$∠D = 180° – ∠COD
∴$$\frac{1}{2}$$(∠C +∠D) = 180° -∠COD………….(2)
180° – ∠COD = 180° – $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠A + ∠B)
∴ ∠COD = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (∠A + ∠B)