SCERT AP 7th Class Social Study Material Pdf 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi Textbook Questions and Answers.

AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social 8th Lesson Questions and Answers Bhakthi – Sufi

7th Class Social 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi Textbook Questions and Answers

Review Of Your Previous Knowledge
AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi 1

Question 1.
What do you observe in the picture 8.1?
I observe Jagadguru Adi Sankaracharya, his disciples and his devotees in the left picture. In the right side picture, I observe Muslim priest and his disciples. In both the pictures the gurus are preaching their disciples.

Question 2.
What are they teaching?

  1. In the first picture Adi Shankara Charya preached equality of all humans.
  2. In the second picture Sufi Saints emphasised on an egalitarian society based on Universal love.

Improve Your Learning

I. Answer the following questions.

Question 1.
What are the salient features of Bhakti movement?
Salient features of Bhakti Movement:

  1. Oneness of God.
  2. One of the ways to Moksha is Bhakti.
  3. Bhakti means to surrender to God.
  4. Emphasized equality of all humans.
  5. No discrimination of caste, creed, sect.
  6. The Bhakti saints travelled to various places to speak about the path of Bhakti and preached in the local languages.

AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi

Question 2.
Who is Mira Bai? What was her contribution to the Bhakthi movement?

  1. Mira Bai was woman saint of the medieval times.
  2. Mira became a devotee of Krishna right from her childhood.
  3. Mira Bai’s contribution to the Bhakti movement was primarily in her music.
  4. She wrote hundreds of songs and initiated a mode of singing the songs a raga.
  5. About 200 400 songs are accepted by scholars as being written by Mirabai.
  6. Mirabai wrote her songs in Rajasthani and Braj Bhasha languages, and they were translated into Hindi and Gujarathi.
  7. Mirabai’s songs express her love and devotion to Krishna, almost always as Krishna’s wife.

Question 3.
What can the present society learn from the bhakthi movement and the sufi movement?

  1. The songs and the teachings of the Sufi and the Bhaki saints are relevant even today.
  2. The two movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus.
  3. Worship, or singing bhajans, kirtans or qawwalis, or even repeating the name of God in silence, and noticed that some of them are moved to tears. Such intense devotion or love of God is the legacy of various kinds of bhakti and Sufi movements that have evolved even today.

Question 4.
Read the topic in page number 46 under the heading ‘Impact of bhakti movement onthe medieval Indian society’ and comment in your own words.
Impact of the Bhakti Movement on the Medieval Indian Society :

  1. The most important social impact of the Bhakti movement was that the followers of the Bhakti movement rejected caste discrimination.
  2. This movement encouraged religious tolerance.
  3. The bhakti saints preached religous tolerance and monotheism
  4. A spirit of harmony developed among different sections of the society.
  5. It tried to develop humanitarian attitude.

Iitipact of Sufi movement :

  1. Sufis travelled all over the country to reach the poor and rural communities.
  2. They preached in the local languages.
  3. They lived a modest simple life.

Question 5.
Who was the founder of Sikhism and what were the main principles of Sikhism?
Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikh religion.
Main Principles:

  1. Truthful living,
  2. Serving to humanity,
  3. Uphold the values of honesty,
  4. Compassion, generosity, humanity, integrity, servi-e and spirituality on a daily basis.

Question 6.
Write an essay appreciating the social services rendered by bhakti saints.

  1. The Bhakti movement empowered the underbelly of Indian society in fundamental ways and also provided the required impetus for the growth of vernacular literature.
  2. This tradition of those deemed “low” singing and writing did not, however, end with
    the Bhakti movement comingling into the mainstream. ‘
  3. They emphasized the virtues of love and devotion, brotherhood and equality etc. This helped to bring the two communities nearer.
  4. It also helped to harmonise the conflicting interests. The saints of the Bhakti movement rejected the differences of caste system.

AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi

Question 7.
Decribe the prominent saints of South India.
Prominent Saints of South India :
1. Ramanujacharya:
Ramanuja gave a philosophical basis to the teachings of Vaishnavism. His commentaries on the Brahma Sutras are popularly known as “Sri Bhasya”.

2. Nimbarka :
He was a younger contemporary of Ramanuja, who also rendered great service to the spread of Bhakti movement.

3. Madhwacharya :
Madhwacharya propagated Dvaita philosophy.
Madhwacharya divides the Universe into two parts.
i) Swatantra (independent being) and
ii) Aswatantra (dependent being).

4. Vallbhacharya :
He advocated a system of pure non-dualism devoid of the concept of Maya.

5. Basaveswara:
He popularised the Veerasaivism. His literary works are named Vachanas.

6. Adi Shankaracharya :
1) He preached Advaita Philosophy.
2) He established four Shakthi Peethas in all the four corners of India.

Question 8.
Write about Sufi saints and their teachings.

  1. The Sufi saints were always in meditation and they led a simple life.
  2. They wore woollen clothes.

The main teachings of Sufism are ;

  1. There is only one God.
  2. All are children of God.
  3. Devotional music is one of the ways to move nearer to God.
  4. Sufi believes. Wahdat-ul-Wujud means worship for a single God.
  5. Fasts and rituals are not essential to reach God.
  6. Different religions are different ways to reach God.

II. Choose the correct answer.

1. Who preached the Vishishtadvaitha philosophy?
a) Ramanuja
b) Sankaracharya
c) Ramananda
d) Kabir
a) Ramanuja

2. Who of the following preached Saguna Bhakti?
a) Mira bai
b) Shankara Deva
c) Basaveswgra
d) All the above
a) Mira bai

3. Who is the founder of Sikh religion?
a) Gurunanak
b) Sankaracharya
c) Ramananda
d) Akbar
a) Gurunanak

4. What does it mean “oneness of god”?
a) Only one god
b) Belief in one god
c) Unity of god
d) All the above
d) All the above

5. In which century did the Bhakti movement begin?
a) 6th CE
b) 7th CE
c) 8th CE
d) 9th CE
c) 8th CE

III. Match the following.

Group-A Group-B
1. Alvars a) Worshipping god with form
2. Hindu scripture b) Worshiping of Vishnu
3. Saguna Bhakti c) Worship of the divine as formless
4. Nirguna Bhakti d) Nayanars
5. Shaiva e) Ramayana, Bhagavadgita


Group-A Group-B
1. Alvars b) Worshiping of Vishnu
2. Hindu scripture e) Ramayana, Bhagavadgita
3. Saguna Bhakti a) Worshipping god with form
4. Nirguna Bhakti c) Worship of the divine as formless
5. Shaiva d) Nayanars

7th Class Social 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi InText Questions and Answers

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 19

Question 1.
With the help of your teacher/parents collect some preachings of Adi Sankaracharya from your school library and discuss in classroom.
The preachings of Adi Sankaracharya :

  1. He taught that supreme Brahman in Nirguna (without the Gunas), Nirakara (formless), Nirvisesha (without attributes) and Akarta (non-agent).
  2. Brahman is above all needs and desires.
  3. Brahman is alone real,
  4. This world is unreal,
  5. and the jiva or the individual soul is non-different from Brahman.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 22

Question 2.
Collect the information regarding the holy texts Guru Grandh Sahib.
The text consists of 1,430 angs (pages) and 5,894 sabads (line compositions), which are poetically rendered and set to a rhythmic ancient north Indian classical form of music.

The bulk of the scripture is divided into 31 main ragas, with each Granth raga subdivided according to length and author.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 25

Question 3.
List out the similarities in the preachings of Hindu and Islamic reformers.
Similarities :

  1. Both Islam and Hinduism are based on divine revelation and in essence both worship the Supreme being is generally ignored.
  2. Both are followed the words of Prophets and Rishis.
  3. Hinduism and Islam share some ritual practices such as fasting and pilgrimage.

Think & Respond

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 21

Question 1.
Kabir said that “All are equal before God”? Do you agree with this statement? Mention your reasons.
Yes, “I agree with the statement, because he preached a religion of love which aimed at promoting unity amongst all castes and creeds.

He was the first saint who tried to reconcile Hinduism and Islam.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 23

Question 2.
Namdev preached no need to follow rituals and elaborated process to worship god.Why did he say?
According to Namdev we have to concentrate our mind on God to attain moksha.

AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 24

Question 3.
Bhakti inculcates honesty, kindness, love, service-mindedness, etc. Discuss
Honesty, kindness, love, service mindedness are interconnnected with each other. Without these a soul cannot walk through the Bhakti Path.


7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 19

Question 1.
What are the contributions of Ramanujacharya to attain social equality?
Sri Ramanujacharya is considered as the first Acharya, who devoted his entire life for the upliftment of the equality in the society.

He gave perfect commentaries to the Brahma Sutras and Upanishads and made a perfect bridge between different sections of society.

He established 74 authoritative acharyas to spread the message of equality across the world.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 20

Question 2.
Why did Ramananda oppose sectarianism? Know from your teacher.
Ramananda perceived that there is only one God. Who is the origin of all, all the distinctions of caste and creed vanished for him and he saw humanity as one large family, and all men as brothers.
One man is higher than another, not through birth, but only through his love and sympathy.

Question 3.
Collect the information about Basaveswara from internet, discuss with your teacher.
AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi 3
Basaveshwara, colloquially known as Basavanna, was a 12th-century CE

Indian statesman, philosopher, poet, social reformer and Lingayat saint in the Shiva-focussed bhakti movement, and a Hindu Shaivite social reformer during the reign of the Kalyani Chalukya/Kalachuri dynasty.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 22

Question 4.
Collect the names of ten Sikh gurus with the help of your teacher.

  1. Guru Nanak
  2. GuruAngad
  3. Guru Amardas
  4. Guru Ramdas
  5. Guru Arjan
  6. Guru Hargobind
  7. Guru Har Rai
  8. Guru Har Krishan
  9. Guru Tegh Bahadur
  10. Guru Gobind Singh

Project Work

Collect the pictures of various Bhakthi and Sufi saints.
AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 8th Lesson Bhakthi – Sufi 2