SCERT AP Board 6th Class Social Solutions 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 6th Class Social Studies Solutions 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions
6th Class Social Studies 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions Textbook Questions and Answers
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Name the holy book of the Muslims?
The Quran is the holy book of Muslims.
What is the eightfold path?
According to Buddha, the final goal is attaining Nirvana. It could be achieved by following the Eightfold Path. These eight aspects are to be practiced to attain Nirvana. The eightfold path is also known as Ashtanga Marga.
Write two slogans to encourage religious unity.
“We may have different religions, different languages, different colored skin, but we all belong to one human race – Kofi Annan “ Where there is Unity, there is Victory”.
What is the main philosophy of Christianity?
Philosophy of Christianity are:
- We are the children of God.
- Lead a pure life without committing sins.
- Love your neighbor as yourself.
- When slapped on one cheek, show the other.
- Service to mankind is service to God.
What are the main teachings of Islam?
Teachings of Islam are:
- All human beings are His creation.
- All human beings are equal before God.
- God has no shape and therefore it is wrong to worship idols.
- Every Muslim should become a servant of God and be honest.
What is Arya Sathyas?
The teachings of Gautama Buddha are called four noble truths or Arya Sathyas They are:
- The world is full of suffering.
- Suffering is caused by human desires.
- The renunciation of desires is the path of salvation.
- Salvation can be attained easily by following the Eightfold Path.
“Unity in Diversity is the dominant cultural trait of India.” – Do you agree or not? Comment.
I agree with the statement “Unity in Diversity is the dominant cultural trait of India.” Indians respect the great saints and philosophers who were born in all parts of the country like Mahavira, Buddha, Nanak, Kabir, etc.
Indians celebrate their festivals like Holi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas, Good Friday, Mahavir Jayanti, Buddha Jayanti, etc. very peacefully without disturbing other religious people. We find people of different cultures and different religions moving together, ft is the dominant cultural trait of India.
There are many problems that affect the Indian National Integration at present.
What are the reasons for this? How could these be addressed?
Problems that are affecting the National integration are :
- Casteism: Caste is a significant part of our social framework of Indian society and the difference based on casteism affects National Integration.
- Communalism: Religious hostility has professed severe challenges to National Integration in India.
- Linguistic violence: Multi linguism is one of the primary characters in India due to which many residents faced violence.
- Social and Economic inequalities
- Regional disparities
All the parts of India have to develop equally in all fields. Oneness feeling is to be created and developed in all the people of India. Then this problem can be solved.
Locate the given places on the outline map of India.
- River Indus
- Andhra Pradesh
- River Krishna
- River Ganga
- River Yamuna
- Vindhya ranges
- Uttar Pradesh
Prepare a picture of religious unity.
Prepare four slogans to promote religious unity.
- No one can win alone, but Unity can.
- Unity is for you and you for Unity.
- Let’s run for Unity, let’s run for India.
- We can change the world through Unity.
Fill the following blank boxes with the suitable words given below.
I. Religion: Hindu Religion, Sikhism, Christianity, Islam, Jainism, Buddhism
II. God/Messenger: Siddhartha, Jesus Christ, Mahavira, Prophet Muhammad, Lord Krishna, Guru Nanak
III. Holy Book: Tripitaka, Bible, Bhagawad Gita, Quran, Grandh Sahib, Angas
IV. Worshipping place: Mosque, Temple, Gurudwara, Church, Monastery, Jain
Celebrate Sankranthi, Ramzan, and Christmas in your school.
Read the holy books of all religions, know about the biography, teaching and theme of the religious gurus.
Hinduism: Hinduism is based on the principles of Universal truth.
According to Hinduism – God can be realized in many paths. Hinduism says that God exists in all living and Non-living things.
- Service to man is service to God.
- The whole world is one family.
- Let all people be happy.
Pursuit of moksha through penance.
Jainism: Jainism is an ancient religion that is rooted in the philosophy that teaches the way to liberation and a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined non-violence to all living creatures.
Tenets of Jainism:
- Belief in God.
- It did not condemn the varna system but attempted to mitigate the evils of the Varna order.
Quran: Holy book of Muslims. Muslims believe that Quran was verbally revealed by Allah to Muhammed through the angel Gabriel.
In Quran God warns human beings to find a proper way to reach happiness and perfection.
- All human beings are His Creation.
- All human beings are equal before the law.
- God has no shape.
Every Muslim should become a servant of God.
Buddhism: Buddha asked his followers to avoid indulgence in worldly pleasure and practice strict abstinence and asceticism. According to Buddha, everyone was responsible for their own happiness in life. The main teachings of Buddhism are encapsulated in the basic concept of Four noble truths.
Christianity: Jesus Christ was the eternal word of God who assumed human form to serve humanity and to rescue human beings. Jesus Christ suffered and died to redeem mankind from sin. Christians believe that Jesus Christ now sits at the right hand of God as the final judge of the dead and the He will return again as prophesized.
Visit a nearby place of worship, and observe the activities and discuss with your class.
6th Class Social Studies 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions InText Questions and Answers
Invite a Mend of other language and interact with him/her. (Textbook Page No. 123)
(This question is answered keeping in view the question given in the 2nd lesson)
Venu met some children from different cities at a youth festival. Venu wants to talk to them. He wants to know about their culture.
Venu: Hello Nihal. I am Venu. I am from Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.
Nihal: Hello Venu, I am from Delhi.
Venu: What is your father. My father is a bank officer.
Nihal: My father is working in railways.
Venu: What is your mother tongue? How many letters are there in your mother tongue?
Nihal: My mother tongue is Hindi. I will tell you some interesting facts. Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language. Hindi is mainly spoken in India. Hindi is the official language of India. Hindi script is Devanagari Script. No of the letters in Hindi is 44. But some authors say there are 52 letters. Tell me about your mother tongue also venu.
Venu: My mother tongue is Telugu. It is spoken mainly in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Telugu has 56 letters. Telugu has more letters in its alphabet than any other Indian language.
Nihal: Oh, great. OK. Bye Venu. My friends are calling me. We will meet again. Bye.
Meet the heads of different religions. Collect the theme and practices of the particular religion. Discuss in the classroom. (Textbook Page No. 126)
Hinduism: According to Hinduism the proper goals or main aims of human life is Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha.
Islam: Belief in Allah, belief in the prophets, belief in the last day, that there is judgment.
Christianity: The central tenet of Christianity is the belief in Jesus as the son of God and Messiah.
Buddhism: Buddhism encourages its people to avoid self-indulgence but also self-denial.
Jainism: The central theme of Jainism considers religion as a science of ethical practice.
Sikhism: The emphasis is on moral actions, noble living, and working for the welfare of all the people.
Think and Respond
There are many languages in India. What is the need for a language? How did the languages evolve? (Textbook Page No. 124)
Language is a medium of communication. With the help of language, we can communicate. Man is the only living being on the earth who uses language. Learning became easier with the evolution of language. In the olden days, people drawn pictures to communicate. They wrote on clothes, leaves, etc. After that, they developed a script. Like this languages evolved.
Try to read the inscription of Krishnadevaraya 1516. Take the help of your teacher to understand this inscription. (Textbook Page No. 125)
Discuss some customs and traditions of our ancestors which help to protect our health and hygiene. (Textbook Page No. 127)
- Saying Namaste instead of shaking hands.
- Washing hands before eating.
- Taking off shoes before entering the house.
- Maintaining regular eating habits.
- Practicing yoga and meditation are some of the customs and traditions our ancestors followed.
These customs and traditions of our ancestors help, us to protect our health and hygiene in these days also.
Prepare and enact a role play on communal harmony in your school function. (Textbook Page No. 132)
- A girl stands as God having a placard with the word Temple.
- A boy comes and prays to god and moves.
- The girl now carries the placard with the word Mosque.
- Another boy comes and performs prayer as a Muslim.
- The girl now carries the placard with the word Church.
- A boy comes with Bible in his hand and performs prayer.
- Now the girl carries the placard Gurudwara.
- Another boy comes and performs prayer.
- Now the girl carries the placard with the word Monastery.
- Another boy comes and prays.
- The girl now carries a placard with the word Mahavira.
- Another boy comes and Prays.
- Now all the boys come together with the placard
- They say loudly though we are of different religions we are all Indians.
Do You Know
How was the script developed? (Textbook Page No. 124)
People wrote on clothes, leaves, barks, etc. in the olden days. The used pins to write on the dried leaves. Initially, they drew pictures and symbols. Gradually the script developed.
There are 26 letters in English and 56 in Telugu. How many letters are there in Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and Odiya? (Textbook Page No. 125)
Tamil: 247; Kannada: 49; Malayalam: 56; Odiya: 52
India is called a secular country. Why? (Textbook Page No. 125)
India is called a secular state because there is no discrimination of religions. The government will not support any religion. The government cannot interfere in religious matters except if these matters can damage the public. So India is called a secular country.