These AP 6th Class Social Important Questions 8th Lesson Kingdoms and Empires will help students prepare well for the exams.

AP State Syllabus 6th Class Social Important Questions 8th Lesson Kingdoms and Empires

Question 1.
What is the difference between a kingdom and an empire?
A territory ruled by a king was called Kingdom, Larger Kingdoms were called empires.

Question 2.
Hereditary rule prevailed in the ancient kingdoms of India. How is the present rule different from that time?
At present ruling will be done by the persons who are elected by the people of India.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires

Question 3.
How was Ashoka a unique leader?
Ashoka was one of the most famous Mauryan rulers. He was known for his inscriptions. His inscriptions were in the people’s language Prakrit. Ashoka also remains the only king in history who gave up war after winning one. He was so horrified when he saw the violence and bloodshed in the Kalinga war. Ashoka then became a Buddhist and got the idea of the ‘dhamma’. So we can say that Ashoka was a unique leader.

Question 4.
Why did Ashoka inscribe messages for the future especially for his son and grandson?
Ashoka inscribed a message for the future. He thought that his son and grandson after him should not think of war, instead, they should try to think about how to spread dhamma.

Question 5.
What was the capital of the Mauryan Empire?
Pataliputra was the capital of the Mauryan empire.

Question 6.
What is the name of the book in which the ideas of Kautilya were written down?
Ideas of Kautilya were written down in the book ‘Arthashastra’.

Question 7.
Who was Kautilya?
Kautilya was also known as Chanakya and Vishnugupta. He was the Prime Minister of Chandragupta Maurya. ‘Arthasasthra’ was his famous book.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires

Question 8.
How was the Mauryan empire established?
The Maurya empire was founded in 322 BCE by Chandragupta Maurya by dethroning the last Nanda ruler. Later his son Bindusara and grandson Ashoka expanded the Mauryan empire. Maurya empire rapidly expanded power westward across Central and Western India.

Question 9.
Name of the king who was dethroned by Chandragupta?
Mahapadmananda was dethroned by Chandragupta.

Question 10.
Who was Chanakya?
Chanakya (or Kautilya) was a wise man who served Chandragupta Maurya.

Question 11.
What is Ashoka after Kalinga War?
Ashoka discovered that Buddhism reflects his new beliefs and the thoughts of the console. He began preaching Buddhist ideas. He carved his policies on rocks and pillars. Ashoka advised the people to live with compassion towards all humans as well as animals. He appointed special officers to read the messages for the illiterates.

Question 12.
Write about the structure of Ashoka in Sarnath.
Ashoka carved his instructions on the stone pillars. A massive stone pillar was carved at Sarnath. It was an impressive structure with four lions at the top. This is chosen as the “National Emblem of India”. The three lions represent three qualities of power, courage, and confidence. The fourth lion represents pride. The elephant represents strength, the bull represents hard work, the horse represents loyalty speed, and energy, and the lion represents bravery.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires

Question 13.
What were the reasons for the downfall of the Mauryan Empire?

  1. After the death of Ashoka, the Mauryan empire collapsed shortly because of weak kings and invasions. .
  2. Small kingdoms fought with one another in North India.

Question 14.
Write about Aryabhatta.
Aryabhatta was a well-known astronomer and mathematician. He was known to have used algebra.

Question 15.
Who calculated solar year?
Brahmagupta, another mathematician and astronomer in the Guptas period calculated solar year.

Question 16.
Write about the scientists of the Guptas Period.
Scientists of Gupta’s period made important contributions in Astronomy and Science. They mapped the movements of the planets and the stars. They understood that the earth was round and revolves around the sun. They correctly explained that eclipses happen when the moon comes between the Sun and the Earth. They also seem to have understood gravity.

Question 17.
Who were called “Navaratnas’?
Nine great poets in Chandragupta – H’s court were called Navaratnas.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires

Question 18.
Who is named as the father of Ayurvedic Medicine? To which dynasty he belongs?
‘Charaka’ was named as the father of Ayurvedic Medicine. He belongs to Gupta dynasty.

Question 19.
What is the book written by Charaka?
The book written by Charaka was ‘Charaka Samhita’ which was the basic text for Ayurvedic Medicines.

Question 20.
Write about the tools during the Gupta period.
During Gupta period scientists made metal technology. They made iron tools and weapons. They also made steel tools too. They made sophisticated gold coins.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires

Question 21.
What was the title of Gautamiputra Satakarni? How did he get the title of ‘Trisamudradheeswara’?
‘Trisamudradheeswara’ was the title given to Gautamiputra Satakarni. His empire expanded from the Arabian Sea in the west to Rajputana in the north and the Bay of Bengal in the east to Cuddalore in the South. By this, he conquered the land between the three seas. So he was given the title ‘Samudradheeswara’.

Question 22.
Write about Ikshavakas.
After the end of the Sathavahana kingdom, Ikshavakas established a kingdom with its capital at Vijayapuri. Vijayapuri was located near Nagarjunakonda on the banks of the Krishna river. They tried to bring various headmen by marrying the people from other tribes. They also claimed to be the descendants of Lord Rama of the Ramayana. The woman of Ikshavaka made large donations to Nagarjunakonda.

Question 23.
What is the style of architecture followed by Chalukyas?
A new style of architecture developed by Chalukyas was known as Vesara and it is a combination of South Indian (Dravida) and North Indian (Nagara) building styles.