These AP 6th Class Social Important Questions 12th Lesson Towards Equality will help students prepare well for the exams.

AP State Syllabus 6th Class Social Important Questions 12th Lesson Towards Equality

Question 1.
What is called equality?
The state of being equal is called equality.

Question 2.
Who is Mariappan Thangavelu?
Mariyappan Thangavelu is a child with a disability in his right leg. He won the gold medal in the men’s high jump in 2016 at the Rio Paralympics.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 12 Towards Equality

Question 3.
Mention some eminent women who can be treated as role models.
Indira Gandhi worked as prime minister of India. Sindhu from badminton, cricket captain Mithaliraj, the female ISRO scientists, writer Arundhati Roy and the world’s number one boxer Marycom are role models to many people.

Question 4.
Define inequality and discrimination.
Inequality means not being treated equally. We find economic, social, and political inequalities in society. Discrimination means being negative towards people basing on color, religion, and gender.

Question 5.
What is the discrimination Dr. Ambedkar faced?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar faced caste discrimination. He belonged to a depressed family and suffered discrimination throughout his childhood. Later he fought actively for equality among the citizens of India.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 12 Towards Equality

Question 6.
Write about Gender discrimination.
Gender discrimination refers to inequalities between men and women in India. A girl is hot allowed to go to college after finishing her schooling. Most of the girls are not allowed to select a career of their choice. They are forced to get married. When compared to the past this discrimination was less at present.

Question 7.
Explain racial discrimination.
Racial discrimination is discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin color, or racial or ethnic origin. While traveling by train to Pretoria in South Africa, Gandhiji experienced racial discrimination. Though he is traveling with a first-class ticket, he was indiscriminately thrown out of the brain by the authorities with the encouragement of a white man.

Question 8.
Write about Dr. Anandibai Joshi.
Dr. Anandibai Joshi was the first Indian female doctor. Her son lived a life of only ten days and then died. This sorrow inspired her to study medicine. She got an M.D. degree in 1886. She suffered from tuberculosis. She died in 1887 in Pune.

Question 9
What is the root cause of inequalities or discrimination?
Lack of education, power, faiths, occupations, wealth, and traditions had created inequality and discrimination in our society.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 12 Towards Equality

Question 10.
Name some social reformers who fought against inequalities and discrimination.
During the early 19th century Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwara Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, fought Kandukuri Veeresalingam Panthulu, and Pandita Ramabai against inequalities and discrimination. During the second half of the 19th century Shri Narayana Guru, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, C.V.Ramaswamy Naiker, Jyotibai Phule, and Savitribai Phulefought against the caste system.

Question 11.
What are the steps taken to achieve equality after achieving independence in 1947?
After achieving independence in 1947 our leaders focussed on different kinds of inequalities. Untouchability was abolished by Law. People are free to choose the kind of work they wish to do. Government jobs are Open to all people. The government treated all religions equally. All the people are given equal importance.

Question 12.
Name some articles framed by the Constitution to achieve equality.

  1. Article 14 provides equality before the law.
  2. Article 15(1) of the Constitution states that the State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, or any of them.
  3. Article 16 provides equality of opportunities in matters of public employment.
  4. ARTICLE 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability as an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law.
  5. Reservations are given to suppressed classes to get equal status.
  6. Fundamental rights are also given.

AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 12 Towards Equality

Question 13.
Write a few lines about Nelson Mandela.
Former South African President Nelson Mandela, was freed in 1990 and successfully achieved victory over racial, discrimination in South Africa. He brought peace to a racially divided country. He was awarded Bharata Ratna in 1990 by the Indian Government. He is also known as Gandhi of South Africa.

Question 14.
Write about Sindhutai.

  1. Sindhutai Sapkal is a renowned social worker who focused on the lives of orphaned children.
  2. Sindhutai was born in 1948.
  3. She adopted 1200 orphans. She won 750 awards.
  4. On International Women’s Day in 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind honored Sindhutai^with Nari Shakti Puraskar. Through her inspiring journey, we can know that nothing is impossible.

Question 15.
What can we know from the lives of great people?
A committed individual can achieve anything in the world. As Dr. Abdul Kalam said we may not have equal talent. But we all have equal opportunities to develop our talent.