These AP 6th Class Social Important Questions 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions will help students prepare well for the exams.
AP State Syllabus 6th Class Social Important Questions 11th Lesson Indian Culture, Languages and Religions
What is Culture?
Culture is a continuous process that we inherit from past generations to create future generations. Culture is the way of life of the people living in a society.
Write about the Indian Culture.
Unity in diversity is one major feature of Indian culture which makes it unique. Indian culture is composite and dynamic. The culture of India is very ancient. It began about 5,000 years ago. Indians made significant advances in yoga, architecture, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.
What is the importance of language?
Humans are the only living things on the earth that speak ‘language’. We think and understand with the help of language. We communicate with each other with the help of language. Learning becomes easier with the evolution of language.
What are the methods used by people in the beginning to write?
In the beginning, people wrote on cloth, leaves, barks, etc. In many parts of South India they wrote on palm leaves. They used pins to write on the dried leaves. They drew pictures and symbols. Gradually the script we are using was developed.
What are the famous books written in earlier days?
Popular epics Valmiki Ramayana and Vyasa Mahabharatha were written in Sanskrit. Aryabhatta wrote a book called ‘Aryabhattiyam’. ‘Charaka Samhita’ and ‘Sushruta Samhita’ are the books that laid the foundation for Ayurveda, Sushruta Samhita focuses on surgery.
What are the official languages of India?
Hindi and English are the official languages of India.
What are the books written on Ayurvedam?
Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are books written on Ayurvedam. Sushruta Samhita focussed on Surgery.
What is the major feature of Indian culture which makes it unique?
“Unity in Diversity” is the major feature of Indian culture which makes it unique.
What is called the Sikh temple?
Gurudwara is the name of the Sikh Temple.
Name the Symbol of Hinduism.
Om is the symbol of Hinduism.
Where is ‘The Kaaba’ located?
The Kaaba is located in Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
What is the first name of Gautama Buddha?
Siddhartha Gautam is the first name of Gautama Buddha.
Name the holy book of the Muslims.
The Quran is the holy book of Muslims.
Define the term ‘Unity in Diversity.
The concept which is incorporating unity among people with diverse cultures and religions is known as ‘Unity in Diversity.
Write about Vardhamana.
Vardhamana was born in 599 BCE in Vaishali. His parents were Siddhartha and Trishala. He was a prince by birth. His wife’s name was Yasoda and he had a daughter Priyadarsini. He was also known by titles Mahavira, Tirthankara, and Jina. He attained moksha in 527 BCE.
Write briefly about ‘Jainism’?
Jainism is an ancient Indian religion. People who follow this religion are known as Jains. Twenty-four ‘Tirthankaras enriched this religion. The word Jain is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Jina’. The most famous Tirthankara is Mahavira. The main aim of Jainism is to attain Moksha. When the soul achieves Kaivalya or Jina, it is liberated from the karmas. That state of happiness is known as Nirvana. The people who have reached moksha are called Tirthankaras.
What are the doctrines of Jainism?
Doctrines of Jainism:
- Ahimsa – Non-violence
- Satya – Truthfulness
- Asteya – Non-stealing
- Aparigraha – Non-possessiveness
- Brahmacharya – Centeredness
What are the three qualities to be observed in Jainism?
The three qualities to be observed in Jainism are called Triratnas. They are:
- Samyak Darshan – Right faith,
- Samyak Gyan – Right knowledge
- Samyak Charitra – Right conduct.
Write about Tirumala temple?
Lord Venkateswara Temple is at Tirumala in the Chittoor district. It is located in the Seshachalam hills. It is one of the prominent temples for the Hindus. Hindus think that Sri Venkateswara is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
Briefly write about Gautama Buddha.
Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini (Nepal) in 563 BCE. He was named Siddhartha. He was born to the ruler of Kapilavastu, Suddhodana, and his queen Maya Devi. He married Yashodhara and had a son named Rahul.
What brings a change in Siddhartha? What did he do then?
Siddhartha saw a sick person, an old man, a monk, and a dead body during his travel. Then he realized the true nature of life. So, he left his kingdom and his family and went in search of truth and peace. After 6 years, he got enlightenment. The tree under which he became enlightened is named ‘Bodhi Vriksha’. He achieved his Nirvana in 483 BCE in Khushinagar, Uttar Pradesh.
What are Tripitikas?
Holy books of Buddhism are known as Tripitikas. They are the collection of Buddha life, teachings, and philosophical discourses.
What are the sacred books of the Hindu religion? What are the important festivals of the Hindu religion?
The Bhagawad Gita is the holy book for Hindus. Vedas, Upanishads, The Ramayana, The Mahabharata are also regarded as sacred books. Sankranthi, Diwali, Dasara, etc., are important festivals for the Hindus.
Write about Jesus Christ.
Christianity is spread across the world. The founder of Christianity was Jesus Christ. The Bible is the holy book of the Christians and it contains the teachings of Christ. Jesus was born in Bethlehem. His mother was Mary. When he was about thirty years old, he left his home and moved from place to place. He served the weak and the poor. Jesus was accused as a traitor and was crucified.
Briefly explain Islam.
Mohammad is considered a prophet or messenger of Allah. The teachings of Allah are written in a book called Quran. It is the holy book of Islam. Prophet Mohammad taught that all men are brothers. He emphasized the importance of love for the whole of humanity. Prophet taught that there is only one God.
Read the paragraph given below and comment on it.
India is a vast country. It includes the people of many religions, castes, tribes, languages, dance, music, architecture, food, dress, customs, and beliefs. India has the greatest heritage and culture. It is unique. It has a special identity in the world. Traditions differ from one place to another in India. It is a combination of several customs and traditions.
India is a unique and vast country. It has a great heritage and culture. It includes people of many religions, customs, and beliefs. India has a special identity in the world. India is a combination of several customs and traditions.
Write about Sikhism.
Sikhism is a faith whose followers are called “Sikhs”. The word Sikh means Student or Disciple. Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism. The Sikh temple is called ‘Gurudwara’. The holy book is Guru Granth Sahib for the Sikhs.
Observe the below given Indian map.
1. In how many states do people speak Hindi?
2. Name the language which the people of Assom speak.
3. Name the language which the people of Maharashtra speak.
4. Name the language which the people of Kerala speak.
5. Name the two states in which people speak one language.
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
6. Name the state where Konkan is spoken.
What are the main features of Hinduism?
The main features of Hinduism:
- Service to man is service to god.
- The whole world is one family. (Vasudhaika kutumbam)
- Pursuit of moksha through penance. (Tapas)
- The practice of Chaturvidha Purusharthas (Four types of practices like Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha). The term ‘Hindu’ derives from the word ‘Sindhu’. The term ‘Hindu’ derives from the word ‘Sindhu’.
- The practice of four ashramas – Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha, and Sanyasa.